and a formative period for Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. 200 BCE to 500 CE, saw the classical "Golden Age" of Hinduism ((c.
The Partition of India in 1947 was along religious lines, with the Republic of India emerging with a Hindu majority.
During the 20th century, due to the Indian diaspora, Hindu minorities have formed in all continents, with the largest communities in absolute numbers in the United States and the United Kingdom.
Smart and Michaels seem to follow Mill's periodisation, while Flood and Muesse follow the "ancient, classical, mediaeval and modern periods" periodisation.
Archaeological cultures associated with Indo-Iranian migrations (after EIEC).
1200 to 1750 CE, saw the increasing prominence of the Bhakti movement, which remains influential today.
The colonial period saw the emergence of various Hindu reform movements partly inspired by western movements, such as Unitarianism and Theosophy.
In the Republic of India, Hindu nationalism has emerged as a strong political force since the 1980s, the Hindutva Bharatiya Janata Party forming the Government of India from 1999 to 2004, and its first state government in South India in 2006, and also the Narendra Modi led Government from 2014.